Đề thi thử đại học môn Tiếng Anh khối D, A1 năm 2014 có đáp án

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ĐỀ THI THỬ ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH KHỐI D,A1 NĂM 2014

Choose the best answer:

 1: Although he hadn’t spoken French for many years, he picked it _____ again after a few weeks.

A. over                           B. on                              C. through                      D. up

 2: Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

A. assault                      B. possession                

C. aggressive                  D. tasteless

 3: She insisted that the reporter _____ her as his source of information.

A. not mention               B. doesn’t mention      

 C. hadn’t mention          D. didn’t mention

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the blanks (from 4 to 13).

CARNIVOROUS PLANTS

All plants rely on nutrients taken from the soil in order to survive. However, in areas where the soil does not contain enough (4)_____ nutrients, some plants have adapted to (5) _____ their diets from another source: living organisms. Though they are few in number, carnivorous plants are (6)_____ fascinating beings that “eat” anything from one-celled organisms to insects in order to survive. They are commonly found in marshlands. Carnivorous plants feature one of several types of “traps” to ensnare prey, which they consume to make up for nutrients that may be missing from the soil. While there are over 400 species of carnivorous plants in the world today, some are more (7)_____ than others.

The most well-known of these plants are the snap traps, which include the Venus flytrap. Snap traps are easily identified by their leaves, which are separated into two lobes that have the ability to fold together. Inside the lobes, the surface is covered with tiny hairs that are (8) _____ to movement. When the plant’s prey brushes against the hairs, it triggers a closing mechanism that rapidly brings the two lobes together, trapping the prey (9)_____ inside. The response of the traps is phenomenal (10)_____ speed: the time between triggering the hairs and snapping shut is less than a second. As the prey struggles inside the trap, it only triggers more hairs, causing the leaves to tighten their (11) _____. The plant then secrets liquid chemicals from special glands into the trap to dissolve the prey and absorb all of its nutrients. Besides the Venus flytrap, only one other type of snap trap exists today, (12)_____ to as the waterwheel plant. The two share a common ancestor and differ only in a few ways. For instance, the waterwheel is an aquatic plant, while the flytrap is exclusively terrestrial. In addition, the flytrap feeds primarily on arthropods like spiders, while the waterwheel lives (13)_____ simple invertebrates, like certain types of plankton.

 

 4:A. critical                B. vital                       C. crucial                   D. indispensable

 5: A. modify              B. enlarge                  C. augment                D. supplement

 6: A. nonetheless       B. though                   C. contradictorily         D. yet

 7:A. prevalent            B. current                   C. domineering          D. prevailing

 8: A. vulnerable          B. liable                     C. prone                   D. sensitive

 9: A. closely               B. securely                 C. irreplaceably         D. steadily

 10:      A. in accordance with                              B. in preference to

         C. in regard to                                        D. on merits of

 11:  A. fist                        B. hold                       C. seizure                  D. grip

 12: A. denoted                B. referred                 C. indicated              D. implicated

 13: A. off                        B. onto                       C. though                  D. with

 14: - “A motorbike knocked Ted down.” – “_____”

A. What a motorbike!    B. How terrific!             C. What is it now?         D. Poor Ted!

 15: Coming second didn’t make her feel any better because she only wanted to win.

A. If she comes second, she will be very disappointed because she always wants to win.

B. She feared that she would come second due to her not feeling very well.

C. Although she only wanted to win, she came second.

D. Coming second was of no consolation because winning was all that mattered to her.

 16: The teacher gave us permission to leave the room.

A. “You must leave the room,” the teacher told us.

B. “You ought to leave the room,” the teacher told us.

C. “I give you permission leaving the room,” the teacher told us.

D. “You may leave the room,” the teacher told us.

 17: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the SYNONYM of the underlined words in each of the following questions.

His tenacious personality made him top salesperson in the company.

A. explosive                   B. charming                   C. tenable               D. persistent

 Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the questions (from 18 to 27).

IMAGE AND THE CITY

In the city, we are barraged with images of the people we might become. Identity is presented as plastic, a matter of possessions and appearance; and a very large proportion of the urban landscape is taken up by slogans, advertisements, flatly photographed images of folk heroes – the man who turned into a sophisticated dandy overnight by drinking a particular brand of drink, the girl who transformed herself into a femme fatale with a squirt of cheap scent. The tone of the wording of these advertisements is usually pert and facetious, comically drowning in its own hyperbole. But the pictures are brutally exact: they reproduce every detail of a style of life, down to the brand of cigarette-lighter, the stone in the ring, and the economic row of books on the shelf.

Even in the business of the mass-production of images of identity, this shift from the general to the diverse and particular is quite recent. Consider another line of stills: the back-lit, soft-focus portraits of the first and second generations of great movie stars. There is a degree of romantic unparticularity in the face of each one, as if they were communal dream-projections of society at large. Only in the specialized genres of westerns, farces and gangster movies were stars allowed to have odd, knobby cadaverous faces. The hero as loner belonged to history or the underworld: he spoke from the perimeter of society, reminding us of its dangerous edges.

The stars of the last decade have looked quite different. Soft-focus photography has gone, to be replaced by a style which searches out warts and bumps, and emphasizes the uniqueness not the generality of the face. Voices, too, are strenuously idiosyncratic; whines, stammers and low rumbles are exploited as features of “star quality”. Instead of romantic heroes and heroines, we have a brutalist, hard-edged style in which isolation and egotism are assumed as natural social conditions.

In the movies, as in the city, the sense of stable hierarchy has become increasingly exhausted; we no longer live in a world where we can all share the same values, and the same heroes. (It is doubtful whether this world, so beloved of nostalgia moralists, ever existed; but lip-service was paid to it, the pretence, at last, was kept up.) The isolate and the eccentric push towards the centre of the stage; their fashions and mannerisms are presented as having as good a claim to the limelight and the future as those of anyone else. In the crowd on the underground platform, one may observe a honeycomb of fully-worked-out worlds, each private, exclusive, bearing little comparison with its nearest neighbour. What is prized in one is despised in another. There are no clear rules about how one is supposed to manage one’s body, dress, talk, or think. Though there are elaborate protocols and etiquettes among particular cults and groups within the city, they subscribe to no common standard.

For the new arrival, this disordered abundance is the city’s most evident and alarming quality. He feels as if he has parachuted into a funfair of contradictory imperatives. There are so many people he might become, and a suit of clothes, a make of car, and a brand of cigarettes, will go some way towards turning him into a personage even before he has discovered who that personage is. Personal identity has always been deeply rooted in property, but hitherto the relationship has been a simple one – a question of buying what you could afford, and leaving your wealth to announce your status. In the modern city, there are so many things to buy, such a quantity of different kinds of status, that the choice and its attendant anxieties have created a new pornography of state.

The leisure pages of the Sunday newspapers, fashion magazines, TV plays, popular novels, cookbooks, window displays all nag at the nerve of our uncertainty and snobbery. Should we like American cars, hard-rock hamburger joints, Bauhaus chairs…? Literature and art are promoted as personal accessories, the paintings of Mondrian or the novels of Samuel Beckett “go” with certain styles like matching handbags. There is in the city a creeping imperialism of taste, in which more and more commodities are made over to being mere expressions of personal identity. The piece of furniture, the pair of shoes, the book, the film, are important not so much in themselves but for what they communicate about their owners; and ownership is stretched to include what one likes or believes in as well as what one can buy.

 

 18:  What does the writer say about advertisements in the first paragraph?

A. They often depict people that most other people would not care to be like.

B. The pictures in them accurately reflect the way that some people really live.

C. Certain kinds are considered more effective in cities than others.

D. The way in which some of them are worded is cleverer than it might appear.

 19:  What does a “femme fatale” refer to?

A. a beautiful woman who spends her time enjoying herself

B. a gorgeous woman who realizes most men’s dream

C. a potential good wife

D. an attractive woman who may bring unhappiness to men

 20:  The word “facetious” is closest in meaning to _____.

A. flippant                     B. prevalent                C. impudent             D. complacent

 21:  The writer says that if you look at a line of advertisements on a tube train, it is clear that _____.

A. city dwellers have very diverse ideas about what image they would like to have

B. some images in advertisements have a general appeal that others lack

C. city dwellers are more influenced by images on advertisements than other people are

D. some images are intended to be representative of everyone’s aspirations

 22:  What does the writer imply about portraits of old movie stars?

A. They reflected an era in which people felt basically safe.

B. They made people feel that their own faces were rather unattractive.

C. They tried to disguise the less attractive features of their subjects.

D. Most people did not think they were accurate representations of the stars in them.

 23:  What does the writer suggest about the stars of the last decade?

A. Most people accept that they are not typical of society as a whole.

B. They make an effort to speak in a way that may not be pleasant on the ear.

C. Some of them may be uncomfortable about the way they come across.

D. They make people wonder whether they should become more selfish.

 24:  The writer uses the crowd on an underground platform to exemplify his belief that _____.

A. no one in a city has strict attitudes towards the behavior of others

B. no single attitude to life is more common than another in a city

C. people in cities would like to have more in common with each other

D. views of what society was like in the past are often accurate

 25:  The writer implies that new arrivals in a city may _____.

A. acquire a certain image without understanding what that involves

B. underestimate the importance of wealth

C. decide that status is of little importance

D. change the image they wish to have too frequently

 26:  The novels of Samuel Beckett is an example of _____.

A. classic literature works that make their owners feel superior to other people

B. literature works of high artistic value

C. possessions that show owners’ identity

D. what is wanted by the majority in the society

 27:  What point does the writer make about city dwellers in the final paragraph?

A. They are unsure as to why certain things are popular with others.

B. They are keen to be the first to appreciate new styles.

C. They want to acquire more and more possessions.

D. They are aware that judgments are made about them according to what they buy.

 28: The guidance counselor urged _____ a foreign language.

A. all of us studying      B. us all to study            C. all that we study       D. that all we study

 29: Hassan is down with influenza and he is feeling _____ right now.

A. critically                    B. barely                        C. poorly                   D. weakly

 30: I don’t think that this fashion will catch _____.

A. on                              B. up                              C. out                      D. over

 31: _____ is someone who can reduce spending without hurting morale.

A. Being needed            B. What is needed      

 C. That which needs       D. What needs

 32: Paul’s been inAlice’s bad _____ ever since he offended her at the party.

A. eyes                           B. books                         C. likes                      D. treats

 33: I realize you _____ to the meeting today, but I’m glad you did. Your input was invaluable.

A. must not have gone                                         B. couldn’t have gone

C. didn’t have to go                                             D. shouldn’t have to go

 34: You are all welcome to take any food you like.

A. Any food welcomes to take if you like.

B. Please help yourselves to any food you like.

C. You don’t have to pay for any food that you like.

D. It’s my pleasure to take any food you like.

 35: “What’s that noise?” – “I must have a hole in my _____ pipe.”

A. exhaust                      B. exhausted               C. exhausting      D. exhaustive

 36: Look, will you stop _____ in and let me finish my sentence!

A. plugging                    B. pushing                    C. butting              D. moving

 37: Perhaps, the fresh scrap of evidence will throw some new _____ on the murder case in Wiltshire.

A. light                           B. vision                         C. flash               D. spark

 38: Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

A. huge                          B. gigantic                     C. origin                  D. region

 39: They arrived home only _____ the house had been burgled in their absence.

A. after having found that                                   B. to find that

C. then did they find that                                    D. upon finding that

 40: How voters will react to this latest political scandal _____ to be seen.

A. waits                         B. remains                      C. is                       D. has

 41: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.

 Metal and glass containers can (A) be recycled, (B) and several states are (C) currently contemplating mandatory recycling (D) for either.

 42: After a difficult childhood, Jeannie bounced _____ when she was adopted by a caring family.

A. up                              B. back                           C. off                    D. over

 43: Crops are often completely destroyed by _____ of locusts.

A. swarms                      B. flocks                        C. bands                   D. troupes

 44: Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

A. marigold                   B. break                         C. racial                     D. vague

 45: Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

A. mechanic                   B. value                         C. rarity                     D. casual

 46: - “I thought you were too tired.” – “_____ I’ve decided to go. I feel I owe it to him.”

A. All the same              B. More of the same     

C. One and the same     D. All the more

 47: Inefficient treatment of customers creates a bad impression of the company.

A. This company gives a bad impression due to its inefficiency.

B. Treating customers with a lack of efficiency reflects badly on the company.

C. The most common complaint from customers is about poor service.

D. Customers are dissatisfied with the company for treating them badly.

 48: “Have you decided on a present yet?” – “Almost. I need to choose one of _____.”

A. new two exciting spy novels                           B. two spy exciting new novels

C. two exciting new spy novels                           D. exciting new two spy novels

 49: - “Have you been able to reach Peter?” - “_____”

A. There’s no approval.                                        B. It’s much too high.

C. Yes. I’ve known him for years.                         D. No. The line is busy.

 50: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.

 Victims of carpal tunnel syndrome (A) include electricians drilling holes (B) for wiring, airline workers (C) to type at chest-high terminals, and checkout clerks lifting and twisting groceries (D) to register prices on the scanner.

 51: - “Don’t forget to drop me a line when you settle down.” - “Trust me. _____”

A. I drop you a line when I settle down.             B. I don’t. I’ll keep you in touch.

C. I will. I’ll keep you in touch.                           D. I won’t. I’ll keep you posted.

 52: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the SYNONYM of the underlined words in each of the following questions.

Because the jury had reached a deadlock, the judge called for a retrial.

A. reduction                   B. disagreement             C. impasse               D. verdict

 53: I hope everything’s OK. They _____ several hours ago.

A. supposed to call        B. would have called    

C. have called                D. were to have called

 54: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the ANTONYM of the underlined word in the following question.

Friendship changed to antipathy when the settlers took the Indians’ land.

A. fright                         B. hatred                        C. amity                  D. hostility

 55: Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

A. beach                        B. illegal                         C. disposal            D. screaming

 56: The bank has over 100 branches, _____ in a major urban area.

A. each located                                                     B. and are located

C. each locating                                                    D. the location of which

 57: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.

 (A) Unlike most liquids, which contract when they (B) solidify, water expands (C) by nine (D) percentage when it freezes.

 58: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.

 So extensive (A) the lakes are that they (B) are viewed as the (C) largest bodies (D) of fresh water in the world.

 59: _____ could only have been made by someone totally incompetent.

A. So serious is this mistake                                 B. How serious a mistake

C. So serious a mistake                                        D. Such serious mistake

 60: - “I’d like to place an order for delivery, please.” – “_____”

A. Sure, what would you like?                             B. Sure, what time is it?

C. We actually take orders at five.                       D. Sure, how much is it?

 61: Suzanne is far superior to me in terms of technical knowledge.

A. I come to terms with the fact that Suzanne is a better technician than me.

B. It is common knowledge that Suzanne is superior to me.

C. When it comes to technical knowledge, I am no match for Suzanne.

D. I am amazed at Suzanne’s profound technical knowledge.

 62: Anthony wasn’t at all discouraged by this bad experience.

A. Anthony learned a great deal from this bad experience.

B. Because of this bad experience, Anthony wasn’t very happy.

C. It could take Anthony years to get over this bad experience.

D. This bad experience didn’t put Anthony off in the least.

 63: _____ the Coast Guard, not a single life was lost in the ferry accident.

A. Regardless of            B. Were it not for         

C. Thanks to                  D. As a result of

 64: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.

(A) There are many different ways (B) of comparing the economy of one nation with (C) those of (D) another.

 65: This is my opinion that there is no advantage in further discussion.

A. I think the disadvantages of the discussion far outweighed the advantages.

B. I don’t like to take advantage of further discussion.

C. Further discussion will not put me at an advantage.

D. I can’t see any point in further discussion.

 66: It didn’t matter how much I flattered her; she wouldn’t do as I asked.

A. No amount of flattery on my part could make her do as I asked.

B. I flattered her with a view to making her do as I asked.

C. She refused to do as I asked because she was annoyed with the way I flattered her.

D. She didn’t do as I asked, so I stopped flattering her.

 67: Far from being embarrassed by her daughter’s behavior, Mrs. Thomas seems to be amused by it.

A. Mrs. Thomas is both embarrassed and amused by her daughter’s behavior.

B. Mrs. Thomas should be amused rather than embarrassed by her daughter’s behavior.

C. Mrs. Thomas feels embarrassed because her daughter is behaving amusingly.

D. Mrs. Thomas seems to find the way her daughter behaves more a source of amusement than embarrassment.

 

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the questions (from 68 to 77).

MOBILE PHONES: ARE THEY ABOUT TO TRANSFORM OUR LIVES?

We love them so much that some of us sleep with them under the pillow, yet we are increasingly concerned that we cannot escape their electronic reach. We use them to convey our most intimate secrets, yet we worry that they are a threat to our privacy. We rely on them more than the Internet to cope with modern life, yet many of us don’t believe advertisements saying we need more advanced services.

Sweeping aside the doubts that many people feel about the benefits of new third generation phones and fears over the health effects of phone masts, a recent report claims that the long-term effects of new mobile technologies will be entirely positive so long as the public can be convinced to make use of them. Research about users of mobile phones reveals that the mobile has already moved beyond being a mere practical communications tool to become the backbone of modern social life, from love affairs to friendship to work.

The close relationship between user and phone is most pronounced among teenagers, the report says, who regard their mobiles as an expression of their identity. This is partly because mobiles are seen as being beyond the control of parents. But the researchers suggest that another reason may be that mobiles, especially text messaging, were seen as a way of overcoming shyness. The impact of phones, however, has been local rather than global, supporting existing friendship and networks, rather than opening users to a new broader community. Even the language of texting in one area can be incomprehensible to anybody from another area.

Among the most important benefits of using mobile phones, the report claims, will be a vastly improved mobile infrastructure, providing gains throughout the economy, and the provision of a more sophisticated location-based services for users. The report calls on government to put more effort into the delivery of services by mobile phone, with suggestion including public transport and traffic information and doctors’ text messages to remind patients of appointments. There are many possibilities. At a recent trade fair inSweden, a mobile navigation product was launched. When the user enters a destination, a route is automatically downloaded to their mobile and presented by voices, pictures and maps as they drive. In future, these devices will also be able to plan around congestion and road works in real time. Third generation phones will also allow for remote monitoring of patients by doctors. InBritain, scientists are developing an asthma management solution using mobiles to detect early signs of an attack.

Mobile phones can be used in education. A group of teachers in Britain use third generation phones to provide fast internet service to children who live beyond the reach of terrestrial broadband services and can have no access to online information. ‘As the new generation of mobile technologies takes off, the social potential will vastly increase,’ the report argues.

 

 68:  What does the writer suggest in the first paragraph about our attitudes to mobile phones?

A. We are worried about using them so much.

B. We have contradictory feelings about them.

C. We need them more than anything else to deal with modern life.

D. We cannot live without them.

 69:  What does “them” in paragraph 2 refer to?

A. new mobile technologies                                 B. benefits

C. doubts                                                              D. long-term effects

 70:  What is the connection between social life and mobile phones?

A. Mobile phones make romantic communication easier.

B. Mobile phones enable people to communicate while moving around.

C. Modern social life relies significantly on the use of mobile phones.

D. Mobile phones encourage people to make friends.

 71:  Why do teenagers have such a close relationship with their mobile phones?

A. They are more inclined to be late than older people.

B. They feel independent when they use them.

C. They tend to feel uncomfortable in many situations.

D. They use text messages more than any other group.

 72:  Which of the following is NOT true?

A. People can overcome shyness by using texting to communicate things that make them uncomfortable.

B. There is no need to suspect the harmfulness of mobile phones.

C. Mobile phone is considered as a means for the youth to show their characters.

D. Mobile phones are playing a wide range of roles in people’s life.

 73:  In what sense has the impact of phones been “local” in paragraph 3?

A. People tend to communicate with people they already know.

B. Users generally phone people who live in the same neighbourhood.

C. It depends on local dialects.

D. The phone networks use different systems.

 74:  How might mobile phones be used in the future?

A. To show bus and train timetables

B. To give the address of the nearest doctor’s surgery

C. To arrange deliveries

D. To cure diseases

 75:  The navigation product launched inSweden is helpful for drivers because _____.

A. it shows them how to avoid road works         B. it can suggest the best way to get to a place

C. it tells them which roads are congested          D. it provides directions orally

 76:  What is the general attitude of the report described here?

A. The government should take over the mobile phone networks.

B. There are problems with mobile phones that cannot be overcome.

C. Mobile phones can have a variety of very useful applications.

D. Manufacturers need to produce better equipment.

 77:  The word “pronounced” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____.

A. obvious                     B. overwhelmed            C. serious                D. voiced

 78: The trick made its first appearance twenty years ago.

A. The trick made twenty years ago on first stage.

B. The trick appeared to be made twenty years ago.

C. The first stage of the trick appeared twenty years ago.

D. The trick was first seen on stage twenty years ago.

 79: As they came under heavy fire, the captain ordered his men to _____.

A. fall away                   B. fall out                       C. fall back                D. fall over

 80: Her young daughters _____ on the sofa, wishing they were out at play.

A. fidgeted                    B. shifted                       C. twisted                  D. moved

 

ĐÁP ÁN ĐỀ THI THỬ ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH KHỐI D,A1 NĂM 2014 

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